RF Fundamentals, Modeling and De-Embedding Techniques

Course 186

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This 3-day course provides technical professionals with the fundamental concepts and engineering tools needed to understand RF fundamentals and test fixture de-embedding techniques. The latest software simulation tools are used to demonstrate these concepts and techniques.

Learning objectives

Upon completing the course you will be able to:

  • Describe RF waves and their characteristics
  • Understand how to model RF Passive devices and Test fixtures at RF Frequencies
  • Understand Basic De-embedding Techniques
  • Explain RF measurement & Calibration Techniques
  • Understand Measurement Limitations and Error Functions

Target Audience

Test and measurement technicians and engineers who need to understand proper techniques for modeling fixtures and passive devices.


Day One

RF Fundamentals
 • Characteristics of Electromagnetic Energy • Conductors vs. Transmission Lines • Voltage/Current Relationships • Complex Impedance and Admittance Systems • RF Transmission Lines • Impedance Transformations and Matching
The Smith Chart/Scattering Parameters
 • Understanding the Fundamentals of the Smith Chart • Two-Port Definitions (S-parameters) • The 2*2 Scattering Matrix • Cascaded Two- Port Connections

Day Two

Passive Component Modeling
 • Resistors at RF Frequencies • Straight Wire Inductance • Capacitors and Equivalent Models • Simulation Models Vs Measured Results • Package Parasitic Models
Transmission Lines and Ground Parasitics
 • Via-Hole and Wrap Around Ground Inductance • Transmission Lines Analysis • Microstrip Line Modeling Vs Frequency • PCB Multilayer Designs and Tradeoffs, Ground Effects

Day Three

 • De-Embedding • De-Embedding Techniques (LRL,TRL, etc.) • Developing De-Embedding Test Fixture Models • Calibration and Measurement Error Corrections • Calculating Total Uncertainties • De-Embedding Using T-Parameters